Content/Language Goal: I will be able to write to describe the teaching of the Buddha.
Learning Target: SS.07.712.05- Describe the history, interactions, and contributions of various peoples and cultures that have lived in or migrated to the Eastern Hemisphere. Topics to include but not limited to world religions, the Silk Road, East/West contact and settlement patterns. (CAS: 7.1.2.e)
1. View the video below:
2. Read the textbook pages 156-161 and complete the reading comprehension assignment about Buddhism.
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Buddhism focuses on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama who was born around 563 BCE. With as many as 500 million followers, Buddhism is the 4th largest religion in the world. Siddhartha was born a Hindu, but had a difficult time believing the teachings because of all of the suffering he saw in the world. He also rejected the caste system. Siddhartha was born a wealthy prince, but gave up everything to find a true understanding of the world. He tried many different types of Hindu beliefs, but eventually he formed his own belief system and taught many others. He was called “The Buddha”, or the enlightened one. Many of Siddhartha teachings or what is called his “dharma” come from Hinduism. His teachings were written in Buddhist holy books called Tripitaka or Sutras.
Buddhism is a religion that is not based on the idea of God—it’s more of a way of life, so it is actually a philosophy, but most people still call Buddhism a religion. Siddhartha believed in a powerful spirit force, but not a god. A “Buddha” is a person who discovers the true understanding of life through years of spiritual investigation and studying using meditation.There have been several Buddhas, but Siddhartha was THE Buddha. Buddhists respect all life and encourage nonviolence and kindness. Buddhism encourages its followers to reach enlightenment—understanding the true meaning of life and truth about the world.