I will be able to read to identify the key parts of a map.
I will be able to write to ask and answer questions using maps.
SS.07.721.04.03: Ask and answer questions after examining geographic sources (CAS: 7.2.1.d)
Using maps looked a lot different from what it did when you were born. Your parents probably had stacks of maps in their cars for different parts of the city they grew up in. You however have access to maps for anywhere in the world right here on the computer or even on your phone! Being able to read a map is key to studying other cultures, traveling and making it to where you need to be on a daily basis. There are few types of maps that you will see in our class this year but first lets start with the basics.
Globes vs maps:
Globes are a scale model of the earth we live on. You can think of it as the world shrunk down to something you can hold in your hands. Globes are also the most accurate way to look at the earth. However it would be quite impossible for you to take a globe on a trip since it is too big to fit into your pocket. Plus globes also lack important details like city streets, parks, and most cities. Thing you would need to know for a family vacation.
To get more specific information, we often use maps. Maps are a flat representation of the curved surface of the earth. They offer more detailed information about the places you are traveling. Also, maps can easily be stored anywhere, including on your phone! However, maps often do not show the true sizes of it contents.
Maps and globes are broken into hemispheres. A hemisphere is half of the earth. The earth has been divided into 4 halves. these halves run along two different imaginary lines. One is called the equator and the other is the prime meridian. Study the map of the 4 different hemispheres, can you name an ocean that is not in the Western Hemisphere? Can you name the hemisphere that Australia is located in?
Longitude vs Latitude
Longitude and latitude lines are used to help find locations all across the world. You can take a specific longitude and latitude and use it to find a point on a map.
A compass is an important part of all maps. We use compasses to identify direction. There are usually four points on a compass, North, South, East and West.
Using a Scale to measure
A scale on a map allows you to measure distance between two or more points on a map. This is helpful when you are traveling since it allows you to measure distance. On almost every map you will find a scale. Watch the video below to learn how to use scale.
Using a Key
A key is the most important part of a map. We use keys to identify what the information, symbols, and colors mean on a map. Without the key, you would not be able to understand what the map is telling you. When you are using a map, the key should be one of the first things that you look at. Take a look at the map below. Using the key can you identify what the map is trying to tell you? Using the key, you should be able to identify all of the land and items located on the land. Without the key, this map could be trying to show us anything.
Types of maps
There are two main types of maps that you will encounter this year, political and physical.
Political maps show how humans have impacted the landscape. For example, city names, roads, country borders, etc. are all part of political maps. A political map often uses colors to show the boundaries between states or countries. Political maps change frequently and must be redrawn often. For example, political map of the world that is 50 years old is no longer accurate. Wars and other conflicts are two major causes political maps change.
Physical maps show what the surface of the Earth looks like.
A physical map highlights Earth’s natural features, such as mountains oceans, rivers, plains, valleys and forests. Physical maps do not contain man made features. For example, a physical map would be a map of what you would see if you were looking down on Earth from space.
There are two different types of physical maps.
•Relief Maps – Show the difference in height between land
•Elevation Maps – Show the elevation, or height above sea level.
Take a quick quiz on the types of map, map features and map word problems at Quizlet.
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